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INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS TO PREPARE MANUSCRIPTS

Types of papers submitted: original articles, reviews or case reports , Disease pattern, Cost effectiveness/Yield /Medical economics, General Practitioners' section , Symtoms and signs /obsolete, evergreen and new etc.

Preparation of Manuscript
Type on only one side of the paper. Use double spacing throughout, including thle page, abstract,text, acknowledgements, references, tablets and legends for illustrations. Begin each of the sections on separate pages. Type the page number in the upper or lower right hand corner of each page.

Title Page
The title page should carry (a) the title of the article, which should be concise but informative,first name, middle intial and last name of each author, with highest academic degrees(s) and institutional affiliation(c) name of department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed, name and address of author responsible for correspondence, about the manuscript source(s) of support in form of grants, equipment , drugs or all of these.

Abstract
It should not be of more than 150 words.

Text
The text of observation and experimental article is usually but not necessary - divided into sections with the headings Intmduction, Methods,Results and Discussion.
Do not use patient's names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in any illustative material.
Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess its support. Do not repeat in the text all the Tables or illustrations. Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them.

Tables
Type each Table double spaced on a separate sheet. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each . Give each column a short or abbreviated heading. Place explanatory matter in footnotes. Do not use internal horizontal md vertical rules. lf you use data from another source obtain pemission and acknowledge fully.

Illustrations
Submit the required number of complete set of figures. Figures should be proissionally drawnand photographed. Sharp, glossy black and white photographic prints, usually 127x173 mm (5x7cm).Titles and detailed explantions belongs in the legends for illustrations, not on the illussions themselves.
Each figure should have a label pasted on its back indicating the number of the figure, author's name, and top of the figure, symbols arrows, or letters used in the photomicrographs should contrast with the background. If photographs of persons are used either the subjects must not be identifiable or their pictures must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph.

For illustrations in colour, positive consecutive transparenncies, colour prints should be sent.The colour printing may be charged.

Abbreviations and Symbols
Use only standard abbreviations. Avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text.

Acknowledgements
Technical help should be acknowledged in a paragraph separate from those acknowledging other contributions.

References
We follow Vancouver format for bibliographical references.
Number references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in text, tables and legends. Use the style of the example below.

Example* of Correct Forms of ReferenceArticles in Journals
Standard Journal article list all authors, but if the number exceeds three give three authors followed by et al.)
You CH, Lee KY, Chey RY, et al. Electrogastrographic study of patients with unexplained nausea, bloating and vomiting. Gastroenterology Aug. 1980; 79 (2): 311 -4.

Books and monographs
Personal authors
Colson JH, Armour WJ. Sports hljuries and their treatment. 2nd reved. London: S Paul. 1986.

Editor(s) compiler as author
Diener HC, Wilkinson M. editors. Drug-induced headache. New York Springer-Verlag.1988.

Chapter in a book
Weinstein L, Swarkz MN. Pathologic properties of invading microorganisms. In: SodemanWA Jr. Sodemen WA editors. Pathologic Physiology: mechanisms of disease. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1974; 45-52.

Conference proceedings
Vivian VL, editor. Child abuse and neglect; a medical community response. Proceedings of the first AMA National Conference on Child Abuse and Neglect: 1984 Mar 30-31; Chicago. Chicago; American Medical Association. 1985.

Dissertation
Youssef NM. School adjustment of children with congenital heart disease (dissertation). Pittsburgh (PA): Univ of Pittsburgh. 1988.

Submission of Manuscripts
Mail the required 3 number of manuscript copies ( 1 original, 2 xerox, cd or floopy) in a heavy paper envelope, enclosing the manuscript copies and figures in cardboard, if necessary, to prevent bending of photographs during mail handling. Place photographs and transparencies in a separate heavy paper envelope.
Manuscripts must be accompanied by a covering letter signed by all the co-authors. A statement that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors, and that the requirements for authorship as previously stated in this document have been met, the name address, and telephone number of the corresponding author, who is responsible for communicating with the other authors about revisions and final approval of the proofs.